How To Develop Perfect Mobile Blended Learning Experience Using Instructional Designs
Nowadays, information and communication technology products in the form of mobile communication devices have become primary need since they offer a new paradigm in connectivity, communication, and collaboration in our daily lives. They allow people to use both in the office, at home, or during their trip.
They influence wide sectors of our lives including in the field of education. The presence of mobile technology is a great opportunity to provide a relevant and interesting learning experience.
Technology development has created new products like mobile phones, electronic devices (gadgets), cloud computing, wireless networking, etc. which become the main promoter and accelerator to apply the concept of mobile learning.
Development of an Instructional Design Model for Mobile Blended Learning in Higher Education Mobile learning is the use of mobile technology in learning which can effectively improve learning and teaching through the context of learning, communication, collaboration, as well as enable the students to access the contents many times.
Mobile learning is focused on mobile computing devices that reflect the importance of functional components for typical mobile devices which utilized in learning.
Mobile learning is a powerful learning method to increase student engagement in accordance with the characteristics of the students themselves and enhance their learning experience more widely because of the quality, mobility and its supporting platform.
The mobile device can bridge and connect the informal and formal learning experiences and enable the design of learning that provides authentic learning experiences. Informal learning is marked with a learning experience that occurs outside the classroom setting which commonly includes accidental events that can be captured through students’ smartphone equipped with quality cameras, microphones, and recording metadata and then instantly shared through the internet.
Meanwhile, formal learning is generally marked with learning activities designed by the teacher and carried out in a classroom setting, for example, associated with formative or summative assessment.
Basically, the mobile internet can optimize the traditional model of online learning so that it will step forward to conduct more learning activities outside the classroom. Recent developments in mobile technology increasingly allow for support of mobile learning and provide great advantages for spontaneous learning situations. Additionally, mobile technology offers new opportunities to integrate the spontaneous learning in more formal learning scenarios. We see a tendency to use blended learning scenarios by combining various forms of learning and integrating a variety of ways to access content, such as web-based, desktop, and mobile.
Blended learning aims to find the right balance between face-to-face and online methods.
Blended learning changes the passive students who usually only receive knowledge, which is the hallmark of the traditional teaching model, into the active students who construct their own knowledge At the moment, blended learning ability has been well understood, and its flexibility, ease of access, and integration of advanced multimedia and high technology have been used as material consideration.
Mobile blended learning refers to the learning design that includes the use of mobile devices for specific learning activities combined with other educational technologies approaches. Compared with the use of the general concept of blended learning, the addition of mobile highlights different learning activities for each technology used in the learning scenario.
Research shows that mobile learning can increase student participation and achievement as well as help them learn. Learners do not only learn in a formal learning environment, but they can also learn throughout their lives using different tools and technologies.
Other studies show the mobile device is like a double-edged sword in the sense of giving a chance to learn the positive experiences and negative activities. Lack of mobile learning design makes learners doing unnecessary activities for instance watching movies, listening music, playing games, chatting on social networks, and so on. These activities may lead to reduce academic performance and productivity.
Mobile learning can also provide other negative effects it can cognitive overload when the learning design used is inappropriate way.
Some mobile learning applications do not have a systematic methodology and appropriate design. Pedagogical factors have the greatest influence on the success, intentions and behavior of students to adopt mobile learning which includes the provision of more diverse teaching contents/materials, strategies, and learning environments that can improve student learning performance.
Systematic planning is required to determine and define the pedagogical factors in a learning design. Instructional system design is a well structured system of developing instructional materials that comprise of goals, relevant teaching strategies, systematic feedback, and evaluation. It can also be defined as the science of creating detailed specifications for the design, development, evaluation, and maintenance of teaching materials that facilitate learning and performance.
Instructional design model is a systematic tool that helps designers understand the variables related to learning and/or guide them through the design process of learning activities.
Some function of instructional system design are a guideline as well as rules for developing courses that aim to improve learning, and influence the activities of students, motivation, and attitudes in such a way that they can achieve a deeper understanding of the materials to be learned.
Development of an instructional system design for mobile blended learning design to create a learning environment that provides opportunities for learners to learn based on the learning objectives of the relevant particularities of learning which utilized physical and digital environment. Mobile blended learning design includes methodology, skills, and techniques needed to develop effective learning solutions. Mobile blended learning design can easily developed using a CreateOnlineAcademy Learning Management System platform. It can effectively encourage the implementation of mobile blended learning model and make it more convenient for use by learners.